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A Statistical Assessment of Information, Knowledge and Attitudes of Medical Students Regarding Contraception Use
Objective: To evaluate how contraception use is linked to information, knowledge and attitudes towards family planning and contraception of medical students.
Methods: This is a voluntary cross-sectional study using an anonymous questionnaire applied to 62 medical students. The questionnaire had the following main structure: characteristics of the studied population, information on contraception, knowledge about contraception methods, attitudes regarding family planning and contraception, and contraception use. Statistical analysis was performed using STATISTICA 8.0 software and statistical significance of the data was verified using the t-statistic test.
Results: The survey had a 95% response rate. Seventy seven percent of the studied population consisted of females aged between 20-40 years, with 85.50% of them being 20-25 years old. The overwhelming majority of respondents believed it was important to be informed on the subject and considered themselves to be well informed on contraception. The internet and courses are the main sources of information. Of all respondents, 75.41% had routine discussions with their partners regarding contraception, 53.23% talked about it with family members and 46.77% with their physician; 90.16% had at least one gynecological examination and 47.54% got themselves tested for sexually transmitted diseases. The condom and the contraceptive pill were the main contraceptive methods for the respondents.
Conclusion: Romanian medical students share similar features to their peers in European developed countries. We used a statistical analysis to demonstrate that information, knowledge and attitudes on contraception are closely linked to contraceptive choice.
Keywords: contraceptive use, family planning in Romania, reproductive health attitude, reproductive health knowledge, reproductive health information.