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An Uncommon Cause of Longitudinally Extensive Transverse Myelitis
Considering that currently Romania has the highest tuberculosis incidence in Europe, the recognition of the infection is an acknowledged health issue. Central nervous system tuberculosis accounts for approximately 1% of all cases of tuberculosis. Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis is a contiguous inflammatory lesion of the spinal cord which involves three or more spinal segments. In tuberculosis, spinal cord involvement is rare and is usually rather due to radiculomyelitis or spinal tuberculoma, and only very rare due to longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis.
We present the case of a 52-year-old man referred to our department for progressive neurological deficits due to a longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis. After a thorough work-up we diagnosed the patient with longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis secondary to infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Keywords: Central nervous system tuberculosis, longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis