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Autoimmune Hepatitis with Autoimmune Haemolytic Anemia Triggered by Varicella – a Rare Presentation
Varicella is a common infectious exanthematous disease of children. Infection manifests as polymorphic maculopapulovesicular along with low grade fever, malaise and headache. Adults are less likely to be infected with varicella infection but once infected suffer disproportionately from serious complications like pneumonia, encephalitis, hepatitis and thrombocytopenia. Varicella hepatitis is generally a self-limiting disease with only a temporary subclinical rise in hepatic enzymes and are usually encountered however autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) which is an autoimmune disorder of unknown etiology affecting the liver is a very rare association of Varicella infection .similarly autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA) affecting the erythrocytes which is also rarely associated with varicella infection limited to few case reports. We report a rare triplex of acute varicella infection with AIHA and AIH in a young female patient.
Keywords: Varicella, autoimmune hepatitis, autoimmune haemolytic anaemia