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Current Stance of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis and Monitoring of Hepatic Encephalopathy
Objectives: Hepatic encephalopathy is a complex of neuropsychiatric manifestations in patients with acute or chronic liver insufficiency and/or porto-systemic shunts.
Material and methods: The diagnostic can be sustained by various elements, clinical and paraclinical. Selected patients with hepatic encephalopathy have been investigated by Magnetic Resonance, in parallel with specific biochemical analysis.
Outcomes: This paper emphasizes the importance of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in an accurate diagnosis and patient monitoring after treatment.
Conclusions: Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy has a substantial role, showing even minute metabolite ratio changes, with a potential in investigating minimal hepatic encephalopathy.
Keywords: hepatic encephalopathy, magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, minimal hepatic encephalopathy