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Early Clinical Outcomes of Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Bharatpur, Nepal
Background: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention represents one of the cornerstone management modalities for patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction and has undergone tremendous growth over the past two decades. This study was aimed to determine the early clinical outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary interventions in a tertiary-level teaching hospital without onsite cardiac surgery backup.
Methods: This was a prospective descriptive study which included all consecutive patients who were admitted for primary percutaneous coronary interventions between March 2011 and January 2013 at the College of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Nepal. Total 68 patients underwent primary percutaneous coronary interventions as a mode of revascularization. The primary end point of the study was to identify in-hospital as well as 30-day clinical outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary interventions.
Results: The mean age was 56.31 ± 11.47 years, with age range of 32 years to 91 years. Of the 68 primary percutaneous coronary interventions performed, 15 (22.05%) were carried out in women and 10 (14.70%) in patients over 75 years of age. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention for anterior wall myocardial infarction was more common than for non-anterior wall myocardial infarction (55.88% vs. 44.12%). Proximal artery stenting was performed in 38.50% and the non proximal artery stenting in 61.50%. The outcomes were mortality (5.88%), cardiogenic shock (5.88%), contrast-induced nephropathy requiring dialysis (2.94%), arrhythmias requiring treatment (4.41%), early stent thrombosis (2.94%) and minor complications (14.70%).
Conclusion: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention improves the early clinical outcomes in patient with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Despite having no onsite cardiac surgery backup, primary percutaneous coronary intervention was feasible with acceptable complications in a tertiarycare teaching hospital.
Keywords: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention; acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction; clinical outcomes; teaching hospital