Endocarditis and Stroke
Endocarditis is an important, although less common, cause of cerebral embolism. All forms of endocarditis share an initial common pathophysiologic pathway, best illustrated by the non-bacterial thrombotic form, but also a final potential for embolization. Stroke associated with endocarditis has signifficant mortality and morbidity rates, especially due to the frequent concomitant multiple sites of brain embolization.
In this article we aim to briefly review endocarditis with a focus on stroke as a complication, while also presenting case correlates from our department.