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Management of Acute Pancreatitis in the Early Stage
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a potential fatal disease with an overall mortality around 5%. The current treatment for AP relies on supportive medical therapy, sometimes associated with endoscopic procedures and/or surgical interventions. In this review we discuss the recent concepts regarding the fluid therapy, pain management, antibiotic prophylaxis, apheresis for hypertriglyceridemia-induced AP, timing and indications for ERCP and cholecystectomy in biliary AP. For each component, the importance and the impact of early phase treatment is presented in terms of benefits and risks.
Keywords: acute pancreatitis, early phase, early treatment, fluid therapy, nutrition, ERCP