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MÆDICA - a Journal of Clinical Medicine | Vol. 8, nr. 4, 2013

ISSN 1841-9038  |  e-ISSN 2069-6116
ISSN-L 1841-9038
CNCSIS - CMR - B+

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Onset Risk Factors and Treatment Response Features of Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma

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ABSTRACT

Background: The International Prognostic Factors Project on Advanced Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) developed a seven factor prognostic score consisting of gender, age, stage, serum albumin, hemoglobin, leukocytosis and lymphocytopenia for the newly diagnosed Hodgkin disease patients in advanced stages, who receive chemotherapy.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine whether this prognostic score would also be useful for refractory Hodgkin lymphoma patients in monitoring response to treatment.

Material and method: In the period 2000-2012, we performed a study on a group of 91 patients to show that the prognostic factors identified by the International Prognostic Factors (IPF) score affect the event- free survival (EFS) and the overall survival (OS). Our study also intends to show that the results of these factors change with the treatment response in patients with HL included in the category of patients with refractory disease.

Results: B symptoms, onset lymph node, more than 3 areas involved, bulky disease, extranodal involvement, low serum albumin, erythrocytes sedimentation rate (ESR), C reactive protein (CRP), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and anemia were associated with poorer EFS and OS. Male gender, stage, histological type, age (>45 years) and leukocytosis were not associated with significantly poorer outcomes.

Conclusions: the prognostic score for advanced disease is also useful in predicting relapse in patients with HL and early detection of response in patients with refractory HL.

Keywords: Follicular lymphoma, diagnosis, prognosis

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