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Orbital Complications of Fungal Pan-Sinusitis in Uncontrolled Diabetes
The purpose of our clinical case presentation is to emphasize the role of ear, nose and throat specialist in early recognition and urgent treatment of mucormycosis, which is a rare infection caused by fungus belonging to the order Mucorales. They are known opportunistic organisms, which potentially invade and infect a host with depressed immunity. In our paper we present a case of an uncontrolled diabetic male with orbital complications caused by a fungal pan-sinusitis. The typical presentation of rhino-orbital fungal infection is that of anterior orbital inflammation, severe visual loss, external ophthalmoplegia and fever. Our diagnostic was based on an otolaryngological, ophthalmological, imagistic but especially biopsy exam, which is the only one that can make the certain diagnostic in this case. We followed the standard treatment for these situations. Early recognition and treatment with urgent surgical debridement and systemic antifungal therapy is the key to the management of rhino-orbital mucormycosis and is necessary to limit the spread of infection, which can lead to high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, health practitioners should be familiar with the signs and symptoms of the disease. The authors certify that they do not have any financial or personal relationships that might bias the content of this work.