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Predominant Upper Limb Chronic Demyelinating Polyneuropathy Associated with HBV Infection
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is an acquired, presumably immune-mediated peripheral neuropathy, characterized by symmetric sensory-motor involvement. Although most often idiopathic, it has been described in association with several disorders, sometimes improving under treatment. We present the case of a 57-year-old male who was admitted to hospital for paresthesias and muscle weakness affecting both upper limbs, initially only the hands, but with worsening and ascending progression during the last three years. The lower limbs were also involved but to a lesser extent. Electromyography indicated multifocal chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy with predominant upper limb involvement. Lumbar puncture showed a raised cerebrospinal fluid protein level. Laboratory samples revealed positive serology for HBV. Based on these, the diagnosis of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy with chronic hepatitis B was made. The patient received IVIG therapy and has since been coming periodically for IVIG sessions, with clinical and electromyographic improvement.
Keywords: chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy, hepatitis B.