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The Role of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Developing Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia
Gestational hypertension and preeclampsia are the most frequent medical complications in pregnancy and major causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. It is also known that these conditions are associated with a long term increased cardiovascular global risk for these young women. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) seems to be not only a frequent pathology associated with pregnancy but also an independent factor for developing gestational hypertension. It is well known the relationship between gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction of the foetus so the outcomes of this pathologies are important for both mother and child. Increasing awareness of OSA among pregnant women with gestational hypertension and preeclampsia is important given the potential benefits of the treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on these patients.
Keywords: Gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, obstructive sleep apnea, continuous positive airway pressure, pregnancy