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Usefulness and Importance of Informatics Solution in Evaluating Disability – Starting Point for Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine – Draft Application
Disability is one of the paramount concerns among non-communicable diseases identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) post-2015 agenda (1). Nowadays, disability is recognized as an important but neglected by public-health concern (2). The definition of disability has been a reason to debate among specialists in the medical and social science fields for decades (3). In 2001, the World Health Organization (WHO) published the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF), which promotes a new vision of health and disability and defines the latter as a “difficulty in functioning at the body, person, or societal levels, in one or more life domains, as experienced by an individual with a health condition in interaction with contextual factors”(4).
The International Society for Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) defines its role as the world’s direct association in the field of rehabilitation medicine. Consequently, ISPRM defines its mission and aim not only at “the improvement of knowledge, skills and attitudes of physicians”, but also “to help improve quality of life for people with impairments and disabilities” as well to “facilitate rehabilitation medicine input to international health organizations (…)”. This includes the goal “to influence rehabilitation policies and activities of international organizations interested in the analysis of functional capacity and improvement of the individual quality of life (…)” (5). Since 1999 ISPRM has been in official relation with the World Health Organization (WHO) and their purpose together, for the period of 2011-2013, was to establish several subcommittees in order to be able to fulfil the a sets of tasks and to ensure a continuous input at the highest possible level. The topics of the collaboration plan are: the “Strengthening Medical Rehabilitation”; the “Implementation of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health”; the “Community Based Rehabilitation”(6). The crowning work of the WHO was the launch of the World Report on Disability in June 2011, translated into Romanian language in September 2012 by Romanian Society of PRM. Starting from the ideas above it was thought that creating an informatics solution to evaluate disability is not only necessary, but also imposed by the trends and life that we are living.