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Ketogenic Diet in Patients with GLUT1 Deficiency Syndrome
Background: The ketogenic diet (KD) is a high fat, low carbohydrate diet considered to be the treatment of choice for GLUT1deficiency syndrome, a metabolic disorder affecting the nervous system.
Aim: To present our experience in four patients with GLUT1 deficiency syndrome who were treated with KD.
Methods: Retrospective data from case series. Phenotypical features, mainly movement disorder and seizures, are being described for each patient. All four cases are currently following the Modified Atkins Diet.
Results: The response to ketogenic diet in our four patients was significant with improvement of movement disorder or seizures control.
Conclusion: The ketogenic diet is the treatment of choice for GLUT1deficiency syndrome. Recognition of the disorder is the key for appropriate management among clinicians. Diet compliance is an important issue in school age children.
Keywords: ketogenic diet, GLUT1 deficiency syndrome