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Social Determinant Factors and their Relationship with Nutritional Pattern in Cardiovascular Patients after Hospital Discharge
Introduction: Several evidences suggest that it will be possible to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases by modifying its risk factors. Current study designed for identifying some social determinant factors and their relationship with nutritional pattern in cardiovascular patients after hospital discharge.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 385 cardiovascular discharged patients from an university specialized heart educational hospital. Patients were included by simple sampling methods. Data collected via interview and a preset questionnaire with two different sections; demographic and nutrition evaluation section one. Collected data was analyzed by SPSS 20 software.
Results: The results showed a signifi cant relationship between nutritional patterns and age, location, job, marital and educational status. There was no significant relationship between nutritional pattern and sex, income, and housekeeping status.
Conclusion: Some social factors are effective on nutritional pattern in patients with cardiovascular diseases that they can be used in different fields for investment, including nursing education and management services.
Keywords: Social determinant factors, cardiovascular diseases, Nutritional pattern